Jumat, Januari 14, 2011

Concord/Agreement


Concord/Agreement
Agreement adalah suatu persesuaian atau kecocokan antara subject dan predicate dalam suatu kalimat, apakah kalimat itu berpredicate tunggal atau jamak.
1.      Apabila dua singular subyek atau lebih digabungkan dengan:
·         Either.................or..................Verb
·         Neither..............nor.................Verb
·         Not only.............but also.........Verb
Maka verb-nya menyesuaikan dengan subyek yang setelah or, nor, but also.
Contoh:
-          Neither Jono nor his friends are going to the beach.
-          Either Jono or his friends is very busy today.
-          Not only my uncle but also my couusins are in the office.
2.      Apabila subyek diikuti oleh kata-kata (phrase atau clause) maka predicat (verb) tergantung pada subyeknya tersebut dan phrase atau clause tersebut dianggap tidak ada.
·         Of
·         With
·         Among
·         Together with
·         In addition to
·         As well as
·         From
·         Between
·         Including
·         Accompanied by
·         Along with
Contoh:
-          Bambang, as well as his two cousins, calls me every day.
As well as his two cousins dianggap tidak ada.
Jadi: Bambang………calls me every day.
3.      Apabila Indefinite Pronouns berikut ini menjadi subyek, maka verb-nya selalu singular.
·         Each
·         Someone
·         Anyone
·         Everyone
·         None
·         Another
·         Somebody
·         Anybody
·         Everybody
·         Nobody
·         Neither
·         Something
·         Anything
·         Everything
·         Nothing
·         Either
·         Much
·         Etc.
Contoh:
-          Each (of the man) was tired with his work.
-          Everybody here knows the importance of English.
4.      Apabila Pronouns berikut ini menjadi subyek, maka verb-nya harus selalu dalam bentuk plural.
·         Both
·         Few
·         Many
·         Others
·         Several
Contoh:
-          Several were present at the meeting but few spoke.
-          Many people write a good novel.
5.      A number of + plural noun + singular verb à dianggap jamak
The number of + plural noun à dianggap tunggal
Contoh:
-          The number of people in the room is ninety-two.
-          A number of people have enrolled this course.
Sumber: SSC kelas XII Smt 2

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komen o yo rek,, *suwun