Jumat, Januari 14, 2011

CONDITIONAL SENTENCE


CONDITIONAL SENTENCE
Ada 3 type conditional sentence
1.      Future Conditional (probable condition)
2.      Present Conditional (un-real present)
3.      Past Conditional (un-real past)

1.      Future Conditional (probable condition)
Digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu dengan tingkat kemungkinan terjadinya dipengaruhi oleh syarat-syarat tertentu.
Pola: IF + subj + (V1{s/es}+obj / is,am,are+adj noun), subj + (will, must; shall; can; may) + (V1+obj / be)
Contoh:
Ø  We can do it if we possesses any facility
Ø  If he has money, he will be a car
Ø  If you are lazy, you will fail in the exam
2.      Present Conditional (un-real present)
Digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu pengandaian yang bertentangan dengan kenyataan pada saat ini (present)
Pola: IF + subj + (V2+obj / were+adj noun), subj+ (would; should; could; might) + (V1+obj / be)
Contoh:
Ø  She could help him if she come early
(fakta: she doesn’t help him because she doesn’t come early)
Ø  I were a bird, I would fly
(fakta: I am not a bird so I don’t fly)
3.      Past Conditional (un-real past)
Digunakan untuk mengndalkan keadaan yang bertentangan dengan kenyataan yang terjadi pada wakt lampau (past tense).

Pola: IF + subj + (V3+obj / been), subj+ (would; should; could; might) + (V3+obj / been)
Contoh:
Ø  She could have stopped a taxi she had not got the bus
(fakta: She didn’t stop a taxi because she got the bus)
Ø  If he had been here, I would have given him the money
(fakta: He wasn’t here so I didn’t give him the money)
Conditional without if
Dapat dilakukan pada conditional sentences type II dan III, dengan cara meletakkan “were atau had” pada awal kalimat.
Contoh:
If conditional
Ø  If he had a sense of humor, no body would be bored
Ø  If she were not busy, she would help us
Ø  I would have meet him if he had come yesterday
Conditional without if
Ø  Had he a sense of humor, no body would be bored
Ø  Were she not busy, she would help us
Ø  Had he comes yesterday, I would have meet him
Modals plus perfect
Pola: subj + (should; could; might; must), have + V III
Ø  Subj + sub should have + V III + obj
Digunakan untuk mengatakan sesuatu yang seharusnya telah dilakukan pada waktu lampu, tetapi tidak dilakukan, dan sebaiknya.
Contoh:
-          They should have studied hard
Means: they didn’t study hard
Ø  Subj + could have + V III + obj
Digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang seharusnya dapat dilakukan pada waktu lampau, tetapi tidak dilakuakan, dan sebaliknya.
Contoh:
-          She could have played tennis
Means: She didn’t play tennis
Ø  Subj + might have + V III + obj
Digunakan untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang mungkin telah terjadi pada waktu lampau.
Contoh:
-          They might have heard us
Means: If is possible they heard us
Ø  Subj + must have + V III + obj
Digunakan untuk menyatakan kesimpulan atas peristiwa/kejadian yang terjadi pada waktu lampau.
Contoh:
-          He must have known her
Means: I conclude that he knew her
Sumber: SSC Kelas XII Smt 2

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komen o yo rek,, *suwun